Classical Studies – Berlin-stay http://www.berlin-stay.com/ Wed, 03 Mar 2021 11:48:01 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.7 https://www.berlin-stay.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/favicon.jpg Classical Studies – Berlin-stay http://www.berlin-stay.com/ 32 32 Hane ’22 finds new that means in classics – Information https://www.berlin-stay.com/hane-22-finds-new-that-means-in-classics-information/ Wed, 03 Mar 2021 11:39:21 +0000 https://www.berlin-stay.com/hane-22-finds-new-meaning-in-classics-news/

Again in faculty, Jacob Hane 22 would hardly have anticipated his first Latin class to result in one thing like a university diploma. “There have been occasions after I needed to offer it up, concentrate on one other language,” he admitted.

Final month, Hane introduced an article he wrote on classical reception on the NYU Society for Historic Research Undergraduate Analysis Convention. And in Hamilton, he’s the founder and editor of The Traditional Haley Journal, which publishes traditional undergraduate articles from all over the world. Secure to say, it is a good factor he caught to it.

“I initially got here as a authorities main,” Hane stated. However after taking a Byzantine historical past class with Professor John Eldevik, Hane was hooked. “I met my advisor, the instructor [Shelley] Haley, and I used to be like, ‘Alright. I’ve to be taught Greek now. And I’ve to return again in Latin. I’ve to concentrate on my languages ​​as a result of it is a actually cool space. ”

Final fall, Hane enrolled in Professor Jesse Weiner’s intensive writing seminar “Re-imagining the Classics”. His foremost undertaking was a analysis paper on classical reception or “how present writers take classical materials, historic figures, occasions, linguistic tradition from antiquity and adapt it into their very own work,” Hane stated. .

Particularly, he stated, the newspaper examined the science fiction novel by Arkady Martine An empire known as reminiscence and his “allusions to the classics”. This subject match effectively with the experience of Weiner, with whom Hane labored on the undertaking. Weiner, who described the article as “a powerful train in classical reception research,” rapidly handed Hane a name for submissions on the NYU convention. His article was accepted.

The convention, which passed off just about on February 12, was made up of different undergraduate classical science college students presenting their respective papers, in addition to a keynote tackle by David Levene of NYU. “It went very, very effectively, and it was very pure,” stated Hane. “I do know a few Hamilton professors had been in a position to go surfing to observe my presentation, which was fairly cool to see.”

Concerning the post-Hamilton plans, Hane laughed. “That’s to say the query, ”he remarked. And though he is unsure but, he has described the 2 paths he has in thoughts. The primary is to proceed your research of the classics in a graduate program. “I actually love this time of late antiquity,” he stated. “It is so fascinating, and it will be nice to maintain doing it.”

The opposite route can be to work in authorities or a non-profit group, specializing in financial growth in rural areas. “I come from a really rural space,” Hane defined. “I’ve labored there as an financial developer for the previous two summers, and it is actually essential work to help these communities.


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Approaching EAD’s New Civic Roadmap with Eyes Extensive Open (Opinion) https://www.berlin-stay.com/approaching-eads-new-civic-roadmap-with-eyes-extensive-open-opinion/ Wed, 03 Mar 2021 11:08:24 +0000 https://www.berlin-stay.com/approaching-eads-new-civic-roadmap-with-eyes-wide-open-opinion/

Earlier this week, Educating for American Democracy (EAD) launched its “Roadmap to Educating American Democracy”. Funded by the Nationwide Endowment for the Humanities and led by employees from iCivics, Harvard College, Tufts College, CIRCLE and Arizona State College, the said purpose of the ‘enterprise is to enhance civic and historic training. As common readers know, these are duties that I think about extraordinarily well timed and very vital. (Full disclosure: I had no position in creating or growing the roadmap, however agreed to assist chair the implementation working group.)

It’s clear that what we’re doing in instructing civics and historical past is just not working. NAEP Civic Training Scores are messy. Surveys reveal a stunning ignorance. Humanities professors are skeptical on the import of basic data. We want a extra rigorous, participating, and cozy method to America’s failures and achievements. Now I firmly imagine that issues can all the time worsen. So simply because a change is required does not imply that EAD’s roadmap goes in the fitting path. But it surely deserves a severe look.

Roadmap architects clarify that it’s “neither a set of requirements nor a curriculum”. Somewhat, they counsel that it’s a framework designed to assist college students “get entangled of their constitutional democracy and assist our republic”, to inform the entire “plural however shared historical past of America”, to “have fun the compromises” that democracy requires and to nurture a “Civic honesty and patriotism” which teaches college students “to like and criticize this nation”.

It appears to me that celebrating compromise, telling America’s complete messy story, and cultivating each grateful and important patriotism ought to have large enchantment. And, whereas I am nonetheless frightened that such a factor will flip right into a progressive advocacy train, I see causes for cautious optimism. The framework itself appears to me typically considerate; one of many three tracks of the trouble was Paul Carrese, a shameless classical thinker; and the design crew included leaders from organizations, just like the Invoice of Rights Institute, who’re steadfast defenders of constitutional custom.

Certainly, as I discussed above, I agreed to assist the working group on the implementation of the roadmap, as a result of what issues ultimately is just not its engaging objectives, however the way in which they’re truly carried out. In an space that leans so much to the left, I have a tendency to reply with an open palm when somebody reaches out to me in good religion. However I additionally are inclined to preserve a cautious eye on issues. There are no less than three large issues I will be .

First, these kinds of efforts virtually all the time look higher on paper than in follow. But it surely’s the follow that actually issues to college students and faculties. So I will likely be protecting an in depth eye on what is actually happening as this effort is carried out within the faculties. Do sources, system adjustments, and directions replicate fairly rhetoric, or does train turn out to be a sensible solution to disguise ideological agendas or questionable insurance policies?

Second, an effort like this depends closely on partnerships. Since its creators be aware that the roadmap is just not a set of requirements or a program, it is going to be as much as others to develop the related requirements, packages, assessments and academic supplies. Usually talking, most nonprofits, trainer coaching packages, advocacy teams and donors come to civic and democratic training with pretty robust ideological priorities. As these companions create the required sources, will they tilt the enterprise in troubling methods?

Third, what the roadmap means in follow will inevitably be formed by these accountable for selling it and the way they clarify it to folks, authorities officers and educators. This public presentation will form the trouble, each substantively and symbolically. My tackle the roadmap will likely be closely influenced by who’s finally on the forefront and the way they go about doing it.

In the end, with an effort like this, the proof is certainly within the pudding. Whereas the Roadmap could have so much to supply, expertise teaches me to method this path with my eyes large open.


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Oklahoma college students compete in ethics bowl https://www.berlin-stay.com/oklahoma-college-students-compete-in-ethics-bowl/ Wed, 03 Mar 2021 11:02:46 +0000 https://www.berlin-stay.com/oklahoma-students-compete-in-ethics-bowl/

4 groups from the Academy of Classical Christian Research who competed in a latest state highschool ethics bowl swept the highest 4 spots within the occasion.

Workforce Plato, which included Jackson Clark, Maura Koehler, Harper Murray and Ethan Stanczyk, positioned first; Workforce Socrates, which included Jack Miller, Elijah Leydorf and Samuel Excessive, positioned second; Nice staff together with AJ Jackson, Meredith Thomas, Madison Allen and Kate Cheng, third; and Workforce Aristote, with Caroline Molloy, Cassady Capucille, Caroline Howell, Jamy Plinsky and Grace DeSpain, positioned fourth.

The state competitors was organized by the SEED Basis as a part of the Nationwide Excessive College Ethics Bowl.

The objective of the Nationwide Excessive College Ethics Bowl program is to advertise a respectful, supportive and in-depth dialogue of ethics amongst highschool college students throughout the nation, in keeping with a press launch.

Groups analysis the central ethical dimensions surrounding every matter, establish the stakeholders concerned within the dilemma, and thoroughly think about a number of factors of view earlier than approving specific positions. Throughout every spherical, groups are confronted with a single hypothetical moral dilemma, are requested to develop arguments in response, after which current these responses to a panel of judges.

The 4 Academy of Classical Christian Research groups could have the chance to take part within the Nationwide Excessive College Ethics Bowl Invitational of the Prindle Institute for Ethics at DePauw College, and the Plato staff will take part within the nationwide competitors.

To be thought of for this column, please ship success bulletins and pictures to LLynn@Oklahoman.com.


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Chronicle: Track for my father | Columns https://www.berlin-stay.com/chronicle-track-for-my-father-columns/ Wed, 03 Mar 2021 09:05:00 +0000 https://www.berlin-stay.com/chronicle-song-for-my-father-columns/

“I would like you to write down down my obituary,” my father stated on my final journey to California, the place he lived in a retirement residence with my mom. A yr later, on December 15, he handed away at age 95, 4 months after my mom at age 94.

Researching the lengthy and noteworthy lives of my mother and father has helped ease my disappointment. It additionally compelled me to face one of the vital vibrant and tough occasions in our household, the 4 years my father, Dr.Francis Lauren Keegan, spent as President of Salem State School (now hui Salem State College) within the early Seventies.

Like different campuses of that point, Salem State had been troubled by protests and strikes over the Vietnam Battle, civil rights and scholar autonomy. In the summertime of 1970, my father was chosen by three analysis committees to handle these conflicts and rework the instructor coaching college right into a premier liberal arts establishment.

At 45, he appeared nicely certified. Frank Keegan was generally known as an innovator and a person of concepts, a former professor and dean of the College of Notre Dame (the place he obtained his doctorate in philosophy), Georgetown College and Cleveland State College. He had collaborated with eminent students equivalent to Mortimer Adler and Robert Hutchins, served within the Peace Corps below Sargent Shriver, and labored for the Ford Basis in Mexico Metropolis. He was about to publish “Blacktown, USA”, a collection of interviews with black Individuals that might take him to the Mike Douglas Present with Sammy Davis Jr. and Muhammad Ali.

As we moved to North America to welcome my father’s profession, our household grew to 10 kids – 5 boys and 5 women. I used to be the seventh, 12-year-old after we drove from our suburb of Cleveland to the President’s Home on Loring Avenue in Salem. Dwelling proper subsequent to the faculty, we had seats on the outskirts of the revolution. We noticed striders cross the campus dressed solely in ski masks, heard crowds of protesters roar and sing, and listened to my father define his sweeping plans for Salem State: “I wish to demolish all of the buildings.”

He wasn’t kidding. My father noticed within the largely middle-class and blue-collar college students of the varsity – who principally lived at residence and labored part-time – an ideal laboratory for experimenting with an idea of a “college with out partitions.” ”, Just like that of the British Open College. He wished to provide college students the liberty to check independently, with out inflexible schedules, wherever they wished, and to supply faculty credit score for his or her life experiences. As a substitute of attempting to get a level as rapidly as attainable to land a job, college students would be taught to see schooling as a lifelong pursuit that deepens the standard of their lives and helps them alter to a altering society. quick.

My father’s provocative model, nevertheless, typically rubbed individuals the fallacious means. Creating what he referred to as “administration by confrontation” – an thrilling mental problem for him – was seen by many as inflammatory and counterproductive. John F. Tierney, then president of the Salem State Pupil Authorities Affiliation, which went on to characterize the North Shore as a U.S. Congressman from the sixth District, recalled in a latest electronic mail that President Keegan “was revered for his mind and his dynamism, and his good intentions weren’t questioned. However he was additionally hated by some “for his vanity (as) a instructor, and college students thought he belittled their opinions and views or ignored them altogether.”

Nonetheless, individuals noticed my dad, he was nonetheless fascinating. At 6ft 2in, sporting a full crimson beard and a lover of cowboy hats and good cigars, he was really bigger than life – good, charming, theatrical, humorous and beneficiant. He was my hero and I adored him. Within the spring of 1974, he introduced a President’s Potpourri of Poetic Readings through which he learn his personal verses and poems by John Donne and William Shakespeare. He sang the Irish ballads “A Little Little bit of Heaven” and “The Sporting of the Inexperienced”. On the finish of the night, he donned a yellow helmet and sang “The Star-Spangled Banner” with a brand new impetus that mirrored his opposition to the Vietnam Battle: “The land of the free and the land of… cowards?” He later defined, “I am simply attempting to consider it.”

Not surprisingly, clashes with lecturers, college students, even his personal administration, have been frequent. The episode that sealed my father’s destiny happened when he insisted that college members work all June, after they have been nonetheless paid by the state of Salem, fairly than moonlight in off-campus jobs. After they refused to surrender this lengthy custom, he withheld a few of their paychecks. Livid, the school voted by an awesome defiance majority, 133-20.

At the moment, I used to be 16 and dealing my first job, as a waiter at Pleasant’s on Lafayette Road. “It is quite simple,” I heard a person say, pouring espresso at his desk. “Keegan should resign or be fired.” Exhausted from the fixed battles, the board supplied him six months paid go away to resign. If he refused, he can be fired. My dad stated no, giving up over $ 100,000 in right now’s {dollars}, telling us he hadn’t completed something fallacious. On June 21, 1974, the council fired him.

Immediately our lives have been turned the wrong way up. We needed to go away the president’s home on the finish of August. The 4 kids nonetheless residing on the home stated goodbye to our mates, packed their luggage and all of us moved right into a rental residence on Lake Winnipesaukee. My dad sued Salem State and misplaced. “I’m leaving as I got here,” he advised individuals, fearing a painful ordeal, “excited”.

My father’s time at Salem State turned out to be the top of his profession. Over the subsequent six years, he accepted two educational vice-president positions – at Metropolis School in Seattle and Sonoma State College in Rohnert Park, Calif. – and was fired each occasions as he struggled to work. with presidents and switch his daring concepts into actuality. After that he launched into a profession outdoors academia, publishing two historical past books on northern California, writing poetry, touring, producing reams of unpublished manuscripts, and giving lectures aboard. luxurious cruise ships. Throughout the Gulf Battle, at age 66, he left with the Service provider Marines – the place he had served in World Battle II – spending three months aboard the SS Cape Juby delivering provides to US forces within the Persian Gulf. In 1994, glaucoma diminished his eyesight and he was compelled to retire.

“He was means forward of his time seeing the necessity for change,” Nick Xanthaky, then enterprise professor and former president of Salem State college, advised the Boston Globe shortly after my father was fired. As we speak, it’s extra true than ever. His imaginative and prescient of a “college with out partitions” has come to fruition due to the Web, permitting college students to check at their very own tempo, anyplace on the earth. School credit score for all times experiences has change into widespread follow. His work at Seattle’s Metropolis School foreshadowed right now’s billion-dollar, for-profit schooling trade, which has made accredited diploma applications extra extensively out there than ever earlier than. My father’s far-sighted passions didn’t finish there, nevertheless, spanning racial points, Catholic theology, Latin America, Irish historical past, colonialism, family tree, classical research, Western canon of Nice Books, and extra.

In 1979, throughout a go to to the North Shore, my father was interviewed by Muriel Cohen of the Boston Globe. After listening to him lyrically about his travels in Guyana and his newest makes an attempt to carry larger schooling to the lots, she concluded that “Keegan seems as a twentieth century La Mancha man leaning over windmills. . ” As a university junior, I believed it was an inexpensive shot. However now that demise, the unbeatable enemy, has claimed my father, I am proud that he dreamed the unattainable dream. As Don Quixote says, in a melody I hear my father sing: “And I do know if I’ll solely be true / To this superb quest / That my coronary heart will likely be peaceable and calm / Once I lie down.” “

Paul Keegan is a New York-based author.

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Schafer: I concentrate on … being comfortable | Discover https://www.berlin-stay.com/schafer-i-concentrate-on-being-comfortable-discover/ Wed, 03 Mar 2021 06:31:34 +0000 https://www.berlin-stay.com/schafer-i-focus-on-being-happy-notice/






Columnist Cameryn Schafer explains how some younger adults sacrifice their goals to stick to views outlined by others.

As we develop up, many people have nice aspirations for our future. Adults who reinforce these objectives permit youngsters to develop of their goals. Later, nevertheless, younger adults really feel pressured to adapt to the expectations of others on the expense of their very own happiness in life.



Editor’s word: this column is a part of a sequence referred to as “I’m hyperfocalised on …”.

“You’ll accomplish such nice issues if you find yourself older!”

Consider it or not, this assertion might be damaging to younger adults struggling to seek out their place on the planet. It may be spoken with nice intention, and it’ll instill a lift of confidence within the different particular person, however we do not at all times see the opposite facet of their battles.

My finest buddy is at present altering majors. If you happen to’ve learn my bio on the backside of my different opinions, you in all probability know I am a majors collector. I began my first yr in eating regimen and train, then moved on to eating regimen to ditch the kinesiology side, and have added extra to my program each semester since. I perceive why she’s reluctant to alter, and whereas I now not have any reservations about it, I have not at all times been like that.

Rising up, the dad and mom of my classmates at all times knew me what I’d do as soon as I reached the actual world. Within the third yr, I used to be surrounded by exclamations: “You’ll arrive at Harvard!”, “You can see the treatment for most cancers!” and “I am unable to wait to see how you alter the world sometime!”

This encouragement continued all through my childhood. As a junior in highschool, I discovered myself filling out purposes to schools that I solely needed to attend to fulfill the expectations which have at all times been held over my head. I refused to use in Iowa State as a result of I used to be afraid to let go of anybody who had ever advised me I used to be destined for greatness as a result of Iowa State didn’t shouldn’t be an Ivy League.

I had first seen the gorgeous Iowa State campus after I was 9 for a state robotics competitors, and virtually a decade later it was nonetheless caught in my head and in my coronary heart. I knew Iowa state was my dwelling, that Ames was the place I needed to be, however I used to be scared of being a disappointment. I used to be so caught up in everybody’s expectations that I did not permit myself to be comfortable. I collapsed sobbing the evening I used to be making use of to Yale, and between tears I mentioned to my mother, “I simply need to go to Iowa state.” She defined to me that assembly no one’s expectations would make me happier than mine.

I by no means utilized that evening, and two days later I utilized for the state of Iowa. I used to be so comfortable after I walked in, and instantly accomplished a housing contract, scheduled an official campus tour, and deliberate all the things for my freshman yr.






Love your education

Following a path to realize the objectives set by others prevents us from really having fun with our training and the life that comes after.

A childhood with excessive expectations could make it troublesome to make passionate choices about our future. The worry of letting others down can have a robust affect on our alternative of school, diploma, profession, and even golf equipment we take part in.



Though realizing that being a cyclone was my faculty dream come true, I felt soiled inside each time I used to be requested about my faculty plans. The half-hearted “Oh” I’ve obtained from adults has confirmed to me time and time once more that my happiness shouldn’t be sufficient to realize another person’s purpose for my life. I began to make use of the phrase “I do know, I am only a statistic”, mockingly. I had classmates, pals, and colleagues who frequented Iowa State, and pretending to be a statistic helped lighten the dialog for me.

As soon as I arrived in Iowa State, I used to be enthusiastic about my plans for the years to come back. All through my days, I beloved my lessons, seemed ahead to the golf equipment I used to be in, and laughed with pals on the finish of every evening. I knew I had made the suitable choice for me. I noticed that my specialization did not fairly get me the place I needed to be after commencement. I used to be nonetheless residing for my lessons, however I made a decision to alter my specialty for the primary time.

As I continued with my choice, I discovered myself struggling in my new lessons. My new main was robust, however I used to be passionate in regards to the new lessons, the knowledge I obtained, and the brand new experiences I gained. As soon as I really realized that my expectations for myself are the one ones that matter to my future, I felt snug making adjustments that made me comfortable. I add majors, minors, golf equipment, and pals as a result of I like the particular person they make me, not as a result of they make me the particular person another person needs me to be. I’ve a plan for some elements of my diploma, and the others are there for my private profit slightly than my profession.

My recommendation to my finest buddy, and everybody else studying this, is to like who you’re and who you attempt to be. Do not let anybody else set your objectives, create your personal aspirations, and in the end stay a life that makes you content it doesn’t matter what.






cameryn schafer profile

Cameryn Schafer is a pre-veterinarian specializing in dietetics, world useful resource techniques and animal ecology with a minor in classical research.




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Dimension, Share, Progress, Developments & Forecast 2027 Minimal Important Assist Sort, Change Sort, Others – The Courier https://www.berlin-stay.com/dimension-share-progress-developments-forecast-2027-minimal-important-assist-sort-change-sort-others-the-courier/ Wed, 03 Mar 2021 04:00:37 +0000 https://www.berlin-stay.com/size-share-growth-trends-forecast-2027-minimum-essential-support-type-change-type-others-the-courier/

The World Standard Cell Tradition Media Market Analysis Report 2021-2027 supplies a complete evaluation of the classical cell tradition media marketplace for forecast 2021 to 2027, in addition to market values ​​for the years 2018 and 2019. The survey report supplies in-depth evaluation of the impression of COVID-19 in lots of segments of the Standard Cell Tradition Media market has supported the product kind, software and finish use in numerous nations world wide. As well as, the report additionally supplies data on market developments, tendencies, adjustments in provide and demand throughout many areas of the world. Thus, the report supplies a holistic studying of the classical cell tradition media market to assist enchantment producers with quite a few strategic insights and future prospects. The traditional cell tradition media market is anticipated to witness continued progress all through the forecast from 2021 to 2027.

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This Standard Cell Tradition Media market report has been ready by skilled and educated market analysts and researchers. That is an excellent compilation of obligatory research that discover the aggressive panorama, segmentation, geographic progress, and income, manufacturing, and consumption progress of the worldwide Standard Cell Tradition Media Market. Gamers within the worldwide market will use the right market information and figures and the utilized mathematical research offered within the report back to understand this and the long run progress of the worldwide Standard Cell Tradition Media Market.

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Biopharmaceutical manufacturing
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We’re regularly observing market developments and adjustments occurring as an on-site or oblique impression of the persevering with COVID-19 pandemic. So, we are inclined to unit space throughout a place to supply data on market values ​​and tendencies for every pre-COVID-19 and post-COVID-19 scenario.


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Cryptic crosswords: a puzzling British obsession https://www.berlin-stay.com/cryptic-crosswords-a-puzzling-british-obsession/ Wed, 03 Mar 2021 00:33:57 +0000 https://www.berlin-stay.com/cryptic-crosswords-a-puzzling-british-obsession/

A cautious introduction for future solvers on how this precept works in varied kinds of cryptic clues was featured on a BBC Radio 4. Podcast by up to date ferryman Sarah Hayes, identified for her left-wing bias in her clues as “Arachne” from The Guardian.

One sort of index relies on double definitions. An instance could be: “Go across the streets, / and want we did not have it” (4). The reply is “streets”, taking part in on a double which means combining the French phrase for rue with an English phrase for remorse.

Then there are ‘hidden phrase’ clues, like this quite devilish instance from Brian Greer (aka ‘Brendan’, ‘Virgilius’ and ‘Jed’ for newspapers like The Instances and Unbiased): “Work to do? We are going to quickly see “(4, 3, 5). The answer (underlined) is Tub and Wells, and the buried allusion is the truth that “see” is a phrase referring to a bishopric, of which Tub and Wells is a well-known English instance.

The “envelope” indices, however, use one phrase inside one other. A complicated instance is: “Artist’s telephone hacked by horrible girl” (7). The reply is Chagall – puzzled whereas taking part in with ‘hag’ (horrible girl) inside ‘name’ (the telephone reference), whereas discovering the indication that an artist is concerned within the answer.

Puzzles with type

As with every type of artistic expression, cryptic crossword makers can showcase their very own type, which fanatics admire as a lot as they might a songwriter or songwriter.

In his article on The Joys of Cryptics, Sondheim offered the thought succinctly. “In the very best puzzles, the clue writing kinds are distinctive, revealing particular pockets of curiosity and small mannerisms, as in any type of prose. Clues from the creator who calls himself” Ximenes “within the London Sunday Observer are, to a puzzle fan’s eye, as totally different from, say, The Guardian as Wilde is from Maugham.” Or as a musical by Sondheim differs from that composed by Andrew Lloyd-Webber.

Appropriate for such cleverly artistic puzzles, cryptic crosswords have made revealing appearances in British literature, particularly Homicide Mysteries. The well-known fictional cop Inspector Morse was a staunch devotee – no shock on condition that its creator Colin Dexter outlined cryptic crosswords for The Oxford Instances. In Dorothy L Sayers’ story, The Fascinating Downside of Uncle Meleager’s Will, Detective Lord Peter Wimsey solves a crossword so as to resolve the thriller, identical to the protagonists of the books by Agatha Christie (Curtain) and Ruth Rendell (One Throughout, Two Down).

The eccentric creativity of the cryptic crosswords additionally affords a silver lining for these apprehensive about how computer systems have confirmed their superiority over people in our extra advanced video games like go and poker – even when the latter depends on psychological methods just like the “ bluff ”. Pc applications even put a good quantity of effort into formalized types of poetry like haiku or primary types of jokes like puns.

Nonetheless, consultants like Friedlander consider cryptic crosswords are an enviornment no AI will ever grasp, due to their use “of aesthetically lovely cues that incorporate refined nuances of language to mislead the reader … might be that sort of deeply deceptive clue that the AI ​​will wrestle to resolve, and that the human mind, with its capability to select up hidden clues, puns and related ideas from a distance, will be capable of execute. with far more success. “

Carry people collectively

Regardless of the picture of solitary solvers bemused by clues, cryptic crosswords typically engender a particular neighborhood spirit of shared appreciation within the effort to decode every passer’s methods. A poignant illustration of the Cryptic Devotees Particular Unit was the outpouring of emotion when well-known Guardian setter ‘Araucaria’ (Reverend John Graham) gave clues in a 2013 puzzle whose options revealed he was dying of most cancers.


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Cuttlefish can watch for a reward https://www.berlin-stay.com/cuttlefish-can-watch-for-a-reward/ Wed, 03 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 https://www.berlin-stay.com/cuttlefish-can-wait-for-a-reward/

Common cuttlefish can be trained to wait long periods of time to feed.

Widespread cuttlefish will be skilled to attend lengthy intervals of time to feed.
Photograph: Wikimedia Commons

Maybe probably the most unrecognized members of the cephalopods, a bunch that counts octopuses, squids and nautiluses amongst their ranks, the cuttlefish a lot stays to be confirmed. Just lately, a crew of six widespread cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) did simply that, focusing their sinusoidal pupils and collective 48 arms and 12 tentacles on the duty of delayed gratification earlier than dinner, for a extra scrumptious meal.

The cuttlefish check was the mission of a global staff of researchers in search of to probe the intelligence of cephalopods, an space much less explored than related avenues of investigation for species of mammals and birds. The staff’s search was printed Tuesday within the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

Animal cognition has been a topic of human intrigue at the least since Darwin despatched shockwaves by establishing an evolutionary connection between humanity and primates. Since then, scientists have sought to raised perceive the bounds and scope of animal cognition, notably within the work of Ivan Pavlov and his canines or BF Skinner and his rats. However current researchers have gone past classical conditioning questions and centered on the flexibility of canines to preserve complete phrase banks for his or her toys or pigs penchant for video video games.

“Our understanding of why self-control has developed has all the time been primarily based on evolutionary pressures which can be related to long-lived social species,” mentioned Alexandra Schnell, comparative psychologist on the College of Cambridge and lead creator of the current article, in an electronic mail. . “The cuttlefish didn’t endure the identical pressures.”

Within the case of the final six teenage cuttlefish that took half within the research (Mica, Pinto, Demi, Franklin, Jebidiah and Rogelio, whereas two different cuttlefish dropped out), the duty at hand was to decide on between a bit of king prawn flood instantly accessible. or whereas ready for the potential of being supplied a stay shrimp to eat, the latter being probably the most coveted meal. The staff that studied them discovered that after coaching, cuttlefish had been capable of wait as much as two minutes for the very best reward, displaying they each understood the implications of holding out for some time earlier than taking motion. These cuttlefish who had been notably affected person had been additionally fairly reflective when the phrases of the train modified. When the meals reward sign modified, these cephalopod sufferers had been the quickest to adapt.

Schnell works with his cephalopods at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts.

Schnell works along with his cephalopods on the Marine Organic Laboratory in Woods Gap, Massachusetts.
Image: Courtesy of Grass Basis

The cuttlefish just isn’t very social like people or chimpanzees are, because the latter species are inclined to stay in teams which assist to drill sure rules of self-control for the nice of the entire group. Because of this, it was not sure that the animals can be so reluctant about free meals.

“This discovery is an excessive instance of convergent evolution,” mentioned Schnell. “The cuttlefish have considerably totally different evolutionary histories than the extra generally studied monkeys, corvids and parrots, and but they share the identical cognitive traits.”

Schnell mentioned the cuttlefish’s self-control may very well be attributed to its want to face nonetheless within the wild to remain camouflaged, in contrast to the self-control skills sometimes related to group exercise for extra social creatures. The animal solely leaves its sedentary refuge to search for meals, which it does sparingly.

“It would not give us the complete image and every research solely affords one piece of the puzzle,” Schnell mentioned. “We want many extra research earlier than we will make significant comparisons between the final intelligence of cuttlefish and that of large-brained vertebrates.”


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10 up to date playwrights to know https://www.berlin-stay.com/10-up-to-date-playwrights-to-know/ Tue, 02 Mar 2021 22:15:11 +0000 https://www.berlin-stay.com/10-contemporary-playwrights-to-know/

All through historical past, playwrights have used their items to spotlight social actions, push boundaries, and look at frequent themes of human nature. Whereas many minds instantly consider William Shakespeare upon listening to the time period “ playwright, ” up to date playwrights have been a powerful driving pressure within the dialogue of essential subjects akin to race, gender, talents, and sexuality in them. exploring via a important and dramatized lens.

Dean of Drama Scott Zigler introduces us to 10 of probably the most notable up to date playwrights and what we have to find out about them. Whereas the time period “up to date” can technically embrace something that has been written because the Fifties, Zigler’s checklist focuses on writers who’ve produced work prior to now ten years. Actually, Zigler provides that he considers this to be the “golden age of dramatic writing”.

Zigler believes that it is vital for college students of the Faculty of Dramatic Artwork to have an intensive understanding of classical and up to date playwrights. “Up to date playwrights inform the tales which might be most related to the second we discover ourselves in and that are more than likely to maintain a younger viewers eager about reside theater.” He provides that an elevated deal with newer writing has been extraordinarily useful as drama lecturers try to decolonize this system in order that college students can higher relate to their classwork and productions.

The playwrights on Zigler’s Checklist are listed alphabetically by final identify:

Annie baker

Baker first acquired nationwide recognition for her work “Physique Consciousness” and has since change into well-known for her 4 piece group titled “The Vermont Performs”. A 2014 Pulitzer Prize winner for her play “The Flick,” Zigler lists Baker as somebody who’s at the moment on the middle of American dramatic writing. A recipient of the MacArthur Fellowship, Baker has additionally acquired important popularity of her adaptation of “Uncle Vanya” by Russian playwright Anton Chekov.

Annie Baker’s “Physique Consciousness” gained her a Drama Desk Award for her excellent performing. / Photograph: Wilma Theater

Jackie Sibblies Drury

The 2019 Pulitzer Prize winner in theater for her play “Fairview,” Zigler says Drury is “recognized for writing very sharply on the problem of race in America.” Additionally recognized for writing “Actually” and “Social Creatures,” Drury is a recipient of the Susan Smith Blackburn Prize and the Steinberg Playwright Award. Zigler provides that Drury’s work “We’re proud to current a presentation on the Namibian Herero, previously generally known as South West Africa, from German Südwestafrika, between the years 1884–1915” was produced. because the Keys to the Kingdom workshop piece in 2018 and he considers it probably the most highly effective work created on campus that yr.

Writer’s Word: The Faculty of Drama’s Keys to the Kingdom program permits graduate college students to supply, carry out, and conduct a play of their selection.

Fairview

Jackie Sibblies Drury’s Pulitzer Prize-winning work “Fairview” is about black surveillance in America. / Photograph: Julieta Cervantes and Soho Rep

Stephen Adly Guirgis

Zigler cites Guirgis as an essential determine in up to date dramatic writing whose works have been produced everywhere in the world. Guirgis’ newest Pulitzer Prize-winning play, “Between Riverside and Loopy,” featured former theater-maker Stephen McKinley Henderson within the lead position of “Walter ‘Pops’ Washington” for which he gained the 2015 Obie Prize from finest actor. Different well-known items embrace “Jesus jumped off the A prepare” and “The Little Oriental Orange Blossom”. The Faculty of Dramatic Arts offered “The Final Days of Judas Iscariot” by Guirgis, directed by Quin Gordon, within the fall of 2016. His work “Our Girl of 121st Avenue”, directed by Carl Forsman, might be broadcast reside throughout the efficiency of the autumn 2021 season.

Tim J. Lord's "The last days of Judas Iscariot" was performed by students of the 2018 class of the École d'art dramatique in the fall of 2016

“The Final Days of Judas Iscariot” by Stephen Adley Guirgis was carried out by the Faculty of Drama within the fall of 2016 / Photograph: Peter J. Mueller

Jeremy O. Harris

Additionally an actor and philanthropist, Harris is finest recognized for his performs “Daddy: A Melodrama” and “Slave Play,” which was nominated for 12 Tony Awards, together with Greatest Play. Zigler notes that Harris is each an African-born author and identifies as queer. Harris usually talks about how his writing displays this intersectionality. Just lately, Harris signed a pilot contract with HBO and have become a co-producer for “Euphoria”.

Writer’s Word: HBO’s “Euphoria” stars Hunter Schaefer, a visible arts alum, as Jules Vaughn.

Jeremy O. Harris' "Slave game"

Jeremy O. Harris’s “Slave Play” was nominated for 12 Tony Awards, together with Greatest Play. / Photograph: Matthew Murphy

Younger Jean Lee

Lee is finest recognized for her work “Straight White Males” which led to her changing into the primary Asian-born identification playwright to ever carry out on Broadway. Additionally recognized for the works “Songs of the Dragons Flying to Heaven” and “Untitled Feminist Present”, Lee writes extensively on the view of America via the immigrant expertise, drawing on her personal immigrant expertise. Korean.

Young Jean Lee

Younger Jean Lee was impressed by her expertise as a Korean immigrant for her work “Songs of the Dragons Flying Skyward”. / Photograph: Younger Jean Lee

Tim J. Lord

A recipient of the inaugural Apothetae-Lark Fellowship for a Disabled Author, Zigler cites Lord as a playwright who has targeted on points surrounding capacity and ableism in his work. “Individuals with totally different talents are sometimes missed in conversations about fairness and inclusion within the theater neighborhood,” Zigler notes. The Lord’s works embrace “On each tie a coronary heart hangs; or owed ”,“ The complete worth ”and“ We declare you a terrorist ”. The Faculty of Drama’s manufacturing of Lord’s Down within the Face of God, directed by school member Cameron Knight, will air reside March 26-28 as a part of Up to date Voices: A Digital Theater Competition.

Down in front of God

The Faculty of Drama’s efficiency “Down within the Face of God” by Tim J. Lord might be broadcast reside from March 26-28.

Tarell Alvin McCraney

McCraney is finest recognized for writing the play “In Moonlight Black Boys Look Blue” which was tailored into the 2016 movie “Moonlight” and gained him the Oscar for Greatest Tailored Screenplay in 2016 with screenwriter Barry Jenkins. A member of the Steppenwolf Theater Ensemble, McCraney gained the Windham – Campbell Literature Prize and the MacArthur Fellowship. Different notable works by McCraney embrace the trilogy “The Brother Sister Performs” and “Choir Boy”.

choir boy

Tarell’s “Choir Boy” Alvin McCraney gained a Tony Award for excellent preparations / Photograph: Matthew Murphy and Manhattan Theater Membership

Dominique morisseau

Zigler refers to Morisseau as one of many main figures in American dramaturgy of the day. Winner of the MacArthur Fellowship in 2018, Morisseau wrote “The Detroit Performs”, a trilogy of performs that features “Detroit ’67”, “Paradise Blue” and “Skeleton Crew”. Morisseau additionally wrote the ebook for the jukebox musical “Ain’t Too Proud: The Life and Occasions of The Temptations”, which earned him a Tony nomination for Greatest Ebook in a Musical.

Skeleton crew

Dominque Morriseau’s “Skeleton Crew” is a part of his three-part collection referred to as “The Detroit Performs”. / Photograph: Sara Krulwich and The New York Occasions

Robert O’Hara

Zigler cites O’Hara as one other playwright who focuses on the intersectionality of queer and black experiences, having written a number of performs together with “Bootycandy”, “Antebellum” and “Barbecue” which Zigler calls “very sharp research on the topic. ‘identification in America’. O’Hara is often known as an completed director and was nominated for a Tony Award for Greatest Directing in a Play for Harris’ Slave Play. Different accolades embrace the 2010 Helen Hayes Award for Excellent New Play and the 2015 Lambda Literary Award for Greatest LGBT Drama.

barbecue

Robert O’Hara’s “Barbecue” premiered on the Public Theater in New York Metropolis. / Photograph: Cleveland Public Theater

Caridad Svich

To finish the checklist, Zigler consists of Svich, calling her “a really energetic voice within the theater neighborhood, constituting one of many pillars of multicultural theater and of the current evolution in the direction of a extra inclusive theater panorama”. Svich has gained quite a few awards for his works, together with the 2012 New Play Award from the Edgerton Basis for “Guapa” and the 2011 Primus Award from the American Theater Critics Affiliation for his play “The Home of the Spirits”. She acquired an OBIE Award for Lifetime Achievement in Theater. She can also be the co-organizer and curator of the theatrical motion After Orlando in response to the taking pictures of the nightclub Pulse 2016.

guapa

Caridad Svich’s “Guapa” gained her the New Play Award from the Edgerton Basis. / Photograph: Borderlands Theater

by Melissa Upton-Julio

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Goddard Middle to host dueling pianists Ryan and Ryan https://www.berlin-stay.com/goddard-middle-to-host-dueling-pianists-ryan-and-ryan/ Tue, 02 Mar 2021 17:06:19 +0000 https://www.berlin-stay.com/goddard-center-to-host-dueling-pianists-ryan-and-ryan/

The Goddard Middle want to invite you and your loved ones to benefit from the thrills of the Ryan & Ryan piano duel at 7:30 p.m. on Friday March 26. Members of the Goddard Middle can ebook this occasion at no cost.

Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, we ask guests to stick to social distancing tips. Masks are obligatory within the constructing. Masks will probably be offered upon request. Frequent contact factors are sanitized all through the day and hand sanitizer is offered within the foyer. This live performance will probably be broadcast reside at no cost on our Fb web page.

Ryan & Ryan are a dynamic father-son piano duo who draw inspiration from classical and modern music to create thrilling live performance experiences. From Rachmaninoff to Gershwin to Billy Joel, Donald and Barron Ryan mix their abilities to create a blinding mixture of previous and new colleges.

Initially from Trinidad and Tobago, Donald got here to the US to review music, incomes levels from Oral Roberts College and the College of Tulsa. He’s properly referred to as a grasp of varied kinds – evidenced by his commencement from the ninth Worldwide Chopin Competitors in addition to his induction into the Oklahoma Jazz Corridor of Fame. Donald has additionally earned the excellence of being among the many world’s most completed pianists as a Steinway artist.

Contemplating his father’s career, Barron’s option to play the piano comes as no shock, and he is been no stranger to the scene since he was 4 years previous. He distinguished himself in his piano research on the College of Oklahoma and has been a featured soloist on the Oklahoma Jazz Corridor of Fame and the Tulsa Performing Arts Middle, amongst many different venues. Barron has additionally gained quite a few piano competitions, together with the Oklahoma Israel Trade Younger Artists Competitors in 2011. Barron was lately named certainly one of Smithsonian Journal’s “Ten Innovators to Watch 2021”. The checklist acknowledges the folks the publish describes as pushing the boundaries and offering what they suppose the world wants.

As a staff of performers, Donald and Barron amaze audiences with their expertise, expressiveness and love of music. Their expertise of classical, jazz, ragtime and funk permits them to create thrilling new music and provides new interpretations of the previous. Ryan & Ryan is a confirmed hit with audiences of all generations. Their inventiveness, their contagiousness, their ability and their basic joie de vivre make them irresistibly partaking performances. In brief, they make music that conjures up.

This live performance prices $ 21.50 for adults and $ 11.50 for college students. Tickets will be bought at www.goddardcenter.org, in particular person, or by calling the Goddard Middle enterprise workplace at 580-226-0909 throughout common enterprise hours. The Goddard Middle is situated at 401 1st Ave SW in Ardmore. The Goddard Middle is an Journey Street associate


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